Baidaa Abdulkareem Alwan
Vol. 11, Jan-Jun 2021
Endometriosis is the presence of tissue estrogen-dependent endometrial outside the uterine cavity. The two main symptoms are pain and infertility. It is a common disease, but the whole pathological mechanisms remain poorly understood. However, in addition to the two main pathological theories (implantation and metaplasia), new data have been added: inflammation and perinervous infiltration appear to be two major elements in the mechanism of pain. The basis of infertile process is not dependent on a mechanic cause, but also on disturbances in follicular generation and in fluid abnormality in the peritoneum.