Dr. Rahul Anand, Dr. Vandana Yadav, Dr. Meera K. Bhojani
Vol. 16, Jul-Dec 2023
Geriatrics is a branch of medicine that deals with elderly people, particularly in terms of health care. To become old is the natural process of the living organism. We all should have passed through the sequence of birth, aging, and death. "The total of all changes that occur in a living organism with time, leading to a declining ability to survive stress, functional impairment, and death" is how aging is defined. As we get older, the prevalence of sickness rises while our life expectancy falls. With age, the causes of illness and mortality grow as well. Nutritional deficiencies, climate variables, immunity, and hormonal factors all contributed to the acceleration of the aging process. All of these factors work together to hasten the aging process and lower the elderly's quality of life. In the current pandemic of COVID-19, the elderly are also more prone to the severity of illness and susceptible to disease. The elderly age group is more vulnerable to chronic inflammatory and degenerative illnesses such as Arthritis, Diabetes, Osteoporosis, Alzheimer's disease, Depression, Psychiatric disorders, Parkinson's disease, and age-related urine issues. The modern medical sciences also focus on geriatric health care and more and more advanced medical technique are now developed in the field of geriatrics. But still, the area of geriatric nutrition is unexplored and unfocused. Ayurveda defined the Role of Ahara(diet) as a preventive and therapeutic purpose and mentioned Ahara as Mahabhaisajaya.