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Prevalence of Hypothyroidism in Mothers Attending Antenatal Care in Provincial Hospital at Janakpur

Ruby Singh, Barsika Katwal, BrijMohan Kumar Rajak, Raj Kishore Pandit

Vol. 17, Jan-Jun 2024


Introduction: Numerous physiological changes associated with pregnancy can result in hypothyroidism. Due to increased renal loss and increased iodine transfer to the growing foetus, there is a relative iodine deficiency during pregnancy. Methods: 331 patients who visited the gynaecology and obstetrics outpatient department (OPD) of the Provincial Hospital of Janakpur between July 1, 2023, and December 31, 2023, were the subjects of an observational, descriptive cross-sectional study. The pregnant women more than 18 years of age and less than 455years irrespective of their gestational age and gravida status (primi gravida or multigravida) were included in the study. The pregnant women with diagnosed thyroid disease, thyroid medication usage, diabetes mellitus and hypertension were excluded from the study. Results: among 331 samples studied, 235 participants were found to have normal thyroid levels, 28 participants had hypothyroidism and 6 participants had hyperthyroidism. The minimum age was 15 years to a maximum of 45 years. Maximum sample; 41.4% were of the age group 15-25 while only 27.2% were of the age group 26-35 years. Discussion:. Thyroid dysfunctions during pregnancy have the potential to be fatal for the mother and the foetus Conclusion: The prevalence of thyroid disorder in our study was 31%. Therefore, the prevalence of hypothyroidism among pregnant women was found to be higher and few cases of hyperthyroidism were detected.

DOI: http://doi.org/10.37648/ijrmst.v17i01.002

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